Russia is gradually restoring its great power status. And the best proof of this fact is that the American propaganda Russia is increasingly working against Russia. America liked docile and weak Russia of the nineties and the strengthening of Russia do not like America.
At the end of the 80s in the world of serious conflict originated power. In the world could no longer coexist two superpowers. Or had to destroy the Soviet Union or the United States would be destroyed. And America has used all dishonest ways that it was the USSR collapsed. In the Soviet Union held a referendum on the fate of the Soviet Union. Most people in the Soviet Union wanted the Soviet Union stayed there. Even now, many people are sad for the USSR. The Soviet people were too naive and trusting, they believed that the United States - our friend. And America they cheated. Fortunately, the people of modern Russia already know that America can not be trusted.
Now the American propaganda begins to use the same techniques that she has used against the Soviet Union. Used false and unproven statements. The Americans probably completely lost imagination. In Ukraine, it has used the same provocation, as in Vilnius in 1991. Sniper killed a few people, and then accused the government of murder, thus setting the crowd against the government.
For example, American and European politicians often repeat that in Ukraine there are Russian troops. However, not once, neither the US nor Europe has tried to prove it.
But one of the biggest falsehoods is distributed by the American and European media reports that World War II began for the USSR and Germany signing a document called "Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact". It does not even mention the real name of the document: "The Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union."
However, the Covenant itself is of little interest to American propagandists. It's hard to find fault with the peace agreement, especially when you consider that the same treaty with Germany had, for example, the UK. Therefore, they are usually talking about some "secret" reports to the treaty. Ostensibly, these protocols Germany and the Soviet Union divided the territory of Poland between them. However, neither of which the partition of Poland in this document does not say. The protocol defined demarcation line between the two countries. What does it mean? This means that defined the boundary beyond which a particular country has the right to go if, suddenly, she was fighting with some third country (remember the war between Germany and the Soviet Union does not imply, for it was the peace treaty). Incidentally, the "secrecy" of the application - is also a propaganda fabrications. All of these lines of demarcation have been published in a month, Sept. 29, 1939 in the newspaper "Pravda".
I've seen fake "Protocols", which periodically appear on the Internet. This paper is titled "Secret Additional Protocol". Anyone who is familiar with the standard paperwork in the USSR just starts laughing when he saw it. With the same success we can say that something is a very important document, and to show several documents with the heading "very important document." All this is very reminiscent of false documents and Hollywood movies.
And by the way, this protocol has not been convicted of any of the countries.
However, proponents of the current American and European students are worthy of Goebbels and Hitler. In Part 1, Chapter 10 of his book "Mein Kampf", Hitler wrote: "These gentlemen proceeded from the correct calculation that the monstrous cheating, the sooner you believe it. Ordinary people would rather believe a big lie than a small one. This corresponds to their primitive soul. They know that they are small and able to lie to yourself, well, so very much they lie, perhaps shy. The big lie, even just do not come to their minds. That is why the mass can not imagine that and others were able to too monstrous lie on too shameless distortion of the facts. And even when they explain that it is a question of a monstrous lie, they still continue to doubt and tend to be assumed that probably all the same there is a grain of truth . That's why virtuosos lies and the whole party, built entirely on lies, it is always resorted to this method. Liars are well aware of the weight of this property. Lie only feasibly - anything from your lies will remain so. "
However, back to the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union. Parties to the agreement were obliged to refrain from attacking each other and to remain neutral in case one of them becomes the object of military operations of third parties. Participants in the agreement and refused to participate in a grouping of powers, "directly or indirectly aimed at the other party." It provides for the mutual exchange of information on matters affecting the interests of the parties. The document was signed on 23 August 1939. Please remember that date. Now, remember earlier events.
- September 30, 1938 (ie a year before we are discussing a document), the United Kingdom, France, Germany and Italy signed the Munich Agreement. The agreement relating to the transfer of the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia by Germany. The document was signed by Chamberlain, Daladier, Mussolini and Hitler.
- Also, September 30, 1938 between Great Britain and Germany signed a declaration on mutual non-aggression. A similar document between France and Germany was signed later (December 6, 1938).
- October 4, 1938, the French Ambassador in Moscow Robert Coulondre noted that the Munich agreement "particularly strong threat to the Soviet Union. After neutralization of Czechoslovakia Germany opened the way to the southeast." This is also referred to in diplomatic documents the US, France, Germany, Italy, Poland and other countries.
- However, under Czechoslovakia it was not only Germany. Poland took part in the partition of Czechoslovakia: September 21, 1938, in the midst of the Sudeten crisis and Polish leaders presented an ultimatum to the Czechs on the "return" them Cieszyn region, where 80 thousands of Poles and Czechs 120,000.
- September 27 was announced the re-call. There hysteria against Czechoslovakia. On behalf of the so-called "Union of Silesian rebels" in Warsaw, was openly recruiting in Těšín volunteer corps. Detachments of "volunteers" is then sent to the Czechoslovak border, where organized armed provocations and sabotage, attacks on armories. The Polish daily aircraft violated the border of Czechoslovakia. Polish diplomats in London and Paris fought for equal approach to solving the problem of the Sudetenland and Cieszyn, and the Polish and the German military, meanwhile, has agreed on the demarcation line troops in the case of the invasion of Czechoslovakia.
- On the day of the conclusion of the Munich Agreement of September 30, Poland sent an ultimatum to Prague once and at the same time German troops his army in Cieszyn region, the subject of territorial disputes between her and Czechoslovakia in 1918-1920. Left in international isolation, the Czechoslovak government was forced to accept the ultimatum.
- In Czechoslovakia it has matured very serious conflict between Slovak nationalists and the Prague government. This conflict was used by Hitler as a pretext for the annexation of the "remnants of the Czech Republic" (it. Rest-Tschechei).
- October 7 under German pressure the Czechoslovak Government makes a decision on granting autonomy to Slovakia and October 8 - Sub-Carpathian Rus.
- October 21, 1938, Hitler publishes secret instructions, which informs about the possibility in the near future to solve the problem with the "remnants of the Czech Republic."
- November 2, 1938 Hungary to address the First Vienna Award has received the South (flat) areas of Slovakia and Sub-Carpathian Rus (present. Transcarpathian Ukraine) to the cities of Uzhgorod, Mukachevo and Beregovo.
- March 15, 1939, Germany occupied the Czech Republic, and at the end of March - Memel Territory. March 21, 1939, Ribbentrop demanded an ultimatum from his Polish counterpart Beck satisfy all the requirements of Germany, then "carry out joint anti-Soviet policy with Germany."
- In response to the occupation of the Czech Republic and its incorporation into Germany, the Soviet Government in its note dated 18 March 1939 stated: "... In the absence of any expression of the will of the Czech people was the occupation of the Czech Republic by German troops and the subsequent actions of the German government can not be recognized as arbitrary, violent, aggressive. "
- March 18, 1939, in connection with the news of the German ultimatum to Romania, the USSR People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs Litvinov through the British Ambassador in Moscow proposed to convene a conference of six countries: the USSR, Britain, France, Romania, Poland and Turkey in order to prevent future German aggression. However, the British side has considered the proposal "premature" and proposed to limit the joint declaration of England, France, the Soviet Union and Poland, the interest of these countries in the preservation of the independence and integrity of the states of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe.
- March 23, 1939 on the acquiescence of the Lithuanian government, the city and surrounding area of the city Memel (Klaipeda), which is home to a significant number of ethnic Germans were transferred to Germany, which immediately launched his troops here.
- April 16, 1939 Litvinov, in response to a British proposal to guarantee well-sided Poland and from the Soviet Union, proposed a draft tripartite agreement providing for "render all, including military, assistance to the Eastern European States, situated between the Baltic and the Black seas and bordering on the Soviet Union in the case of aggression against these states. " Proposal for a tripartite alliance was perceived in the West as too radical.
- In response, France 25-29 April suggested instead to restrict short declaration of intent: to provide military support to each other and jointly support the countries of Central and Eastern Europe in the event of German aggression against any of the defendants. In the USSR, the proposal did not find support.
- The British government has offered the USSR on May 8 less binding declaration in which the Soviet Union expressed its intention to help England and France, if they are engaged in a war with Germany, fulfilling its guarantee to the Eastern European countries. This proposal was rejected by the Soviet Union, because it did not meet the principle of reciprocity.
- At that time, the prospect of participation in the war with Germany did not suit Stalin as the Soviet Union was not technically ready for war. It was therefore decided to delay the start of the war as long as possible. As a result, Litvinov Stalin dismisses and appoints his place Molotov. This change was perceived by Germany as a good sign.
- August 11, 1939 at the suggestion of the Soviet Union opened negotiations between the USSR, Britain and France. The proposal to start negotiations was sent on July 23, however, Chamberlain deliberately prolonged the start of negotiations. The negotiations were based on the Anglo-French project on May 27, with Soviet amended on June 2. Calls for the Union in force in case of an attack of one of the European powers (ie Germany) to the contracting party in the case of German aggression against Belgium, Greece, Turkey, Romania, Poland, Latvia, Estonia and Finland (all of them the contracting parties were given guarantees of protection).
One of the topics of the talks was the question of the Red Army pass through the territory of Poland, on the Vilnius and Galician corridors - without which, according to the Soviet side, could not be reflected in the possible German aggression. Poles refused to pass the Red Army through its territory, despite pressure from France.
- In parallel with these negotiations the United Kingdom begins secret negotiations with Germany. The British proposals included the division of spheres of influence of Germany with the recognition of German interests in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe, as well as the rights of its colonies in the UK (the USSR and China were part of the scope of the joint Anglo-German "cooperation"). They discussed the revision of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 with plans for Germany's participation in the operation of "colonial African region."
On the British side also put forward proposals for a non-aggression treaty with the cancellation of previously issued guarantees Britain, including Poland. From the point of view of Soviet diplomacy, London talks were aimed to redirect the German aggression against the USSR and Eastern Europe. The negotiations were unsuccessful due to the depth of the contradictions between Germany and Britain. When the details of the negotiations flowed to the press, Chamberlain discussed the negotiations Wilson evasive and said that Hudson was acting on his own initiative.
Poland's prewar policy of the American historian William Shirer describes as "suicidal." Shearer said that Poland since 1934 Germany has been steadily maintained at the expense of the Versailles system. At the same time between Poland and Germany, there was a sharp territorial dispute over the Danzig corridor that separated the German territory into two parts. Relations between Poland and the Soviet Union were cool, since the Polish-Soviet War, during which Poland has moved its border to the east of the Curzon Line (as a result of the nearly 6 million ethnic Belarusians and Ukrainians were in Poland). After the death of Pilsudski's policy of Poland was determined veterans of the Soviet-Polish war, such as Beck and Rydz-Rydz configured on a confrontation with the Soviet Union. Thus, according to Shearer, Poland had borders, "unacceptable" for either Germany or the USSR, while not being strong enough to be able to fight with both neighbors at the same time.
As we can see, from the beginning of 1938 in Europe was an active change of borders. And note that the Soviet Union did not participate in the redistribution! At the same time, Britain did everything to incite Germany to the Soviet Union. I think the UK would suit any outcome of the war. One opponent would be defeated and the other opponent would be seriously weakened. As I said, at that time the Soviet Union was not ready to start a war with Germany. Therefore, the Soviet government insists on signing the Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union.
The content of the agreement:
The contract consisted of seven short articles.
- Article I obliges the parties to refrain from aggression against each other;
- Article II obliges the parties not to support third countries of aggression against the other party;
- Article IV obliges the parties not to enter into military alliances directed against the other;
- Article V of the proposed way of peaceful settlement of conflicts;
- Article VI described the term of the contract (ten years with automatic renewal each time for five years);
- Article III and VII were purely technical.
The signing of the treaty for the USSR was the return of the Soviet Union previously lost territories, pulling a war with Germany for two years and prevent the creation of an anti-Soviet alliance between Germany, Britain and France.
But there are two points:
- Under the terms of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, Germany was required at his own expense to develop and equip the USSR. Yes, that's right! If until a few minutes before the start of war in the Soviet-German border to the Germans were trains with bread, sheepskin, hemp, other raw materials - that rolled towards compositions with machines, weapons, sophisticated factory equipment. It was the German anti-aircraft guns defending Moscow from the sky and knocked out German bombers attacking German tanks, it is German gun was the basis for the development of the Soviet 45-mm anti-tank guns, it records the aircraft and the Germans sold cars helped develop excellent "Yak"; German projects submarines turned into a submarine class "u" and the German "U-88" dive transformed into "pawns". These are the first examples that come to mind. In general, military equipment, set up by the German model, the Red Army was quite a lot. But that's not it - Russian designers themselves to the beginning of the war have learned to develop a great weapon. It is more important that Germany has helped to create a production base that is ready to produce it in sufficient quantities. On the German machine tochilis shells against the German armor, the German machine polished crankshafts for Soviet tanks and towers cut shoulder straps, the German press stamped cover for Soviet machines. And every little things add up to a future victory.
And the funny thing is - all these weapons and machines arrived in the USSR in the credit score to 300 million Reichsmarks that Stalin gave Hitler. Guess what was the fate of credit after the war?
- Of course, the war with Germany was inevitable, and Stalin knew it. But in Europe, the USSR was another enemy. This enemy was Poland!
April 25, 1920 - Poland without declaring war, attacked Russia, bleeding in the civil war, and the contract awarded to the Riga Ukrainian and Belarusian lands.
In October 1920 the Polish troops seized Vilna and the Vilna region Lithuania, Suwalki unceremoniously violating the contract.
May 3, 1921 Poland militarily conquer the beginning of Upper Silesia. Allies warned the Berlin Reichswehr that intervention would mean war. As a result, in October 1921 to Poland moved a significant part of Upper Silesia with 80% of the entire industry, and a major part of coal reserves.
During all 20-30s Poland did not leave intentions to annex Lithuania. Particularly inspired by Warsaw predatory actions of Hitler in Austria in March 1938. By the way, with the fascist regime of Hitler Polish government has long been in a very warm relationship by signing a nonaggression pact in 1934. When Hitler on 11-12 March 1938, carried out the Anschluss of Austria, Warsaw tried to do the same with Lithuania (which is referred to only as "the Polish Austria"). March 15, 1938 in Warsaw and Vilnius were held anti-Lithuanian demonstrations under the slogan "Forward to Kaunas" (Kaunas - then the capital of Lithuania). Lithuania was given an ultimatum, and focused on the Lithuanian border more than 100 thousand. Polish troops. Only the position of the Soviet Union, and France has kept Poland from a military invasion.
December 28, 1938 the newly appointed envoy of Poland in Iran J. Karsh-Sedlevsky said in an interview with the counselor of the German Embassy in Poland R. Shelia:
"The political outlook for Eastern Europe is clear. After a few years, Germany will fight with the Soviet Union ... is better for Poland to conflict definitely stand on the side of Germany, as the territorial interests of Poland to the west and the political goals of Poland in the east, especially in Ukraine, can be provided only by advance achieved Polish-German agreement. He Karshi-Sedlevsky, subordinate its activities as the Polish envoy to Tehran to this great eastern concept, since it is necessary in the end to convince and to encourage also the Persians and Afghans play an active role in a future war against the Soviets "(" The Year of the crisis, 1938- 1939: Documents and Materials ", v.1., Moscow, 1990, p 162).
Recognition Ribbentrop after a meeting with Polish Foreign Minister Beck January 26, 1939: "Mr. Beck made no secret that Poland claims to Soviet Ukraine and the exit to the Black Sea."
Or the Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Count Shembek December 10, 1938 give instructions to the Polish Ambassador in Moscow, Grzybowski:
"We are extremely difficult to maintain a balance between Russia and Germany. Our relationship with the latter is entirely based on the concept of the most responsible persons of the Third Reich, who argue that in the future the conflict between Germany and Russia, Poland will be a natural ally of Germany. "
In December 1938, the report of the 2nd (intelligence) department of the Main Staff of the Polish Army bluntly stated:
"The dismemberment of Russia underlies Polish policy in the East ... Therefore, our possible position will be reduced to the following formula: who will take part in the section. Poland should not remain passive in this great historical moment. The aim is to prepare well in advance physically and spiritually ... The main objective - the weakening and defeat of Russia »(« Z dziejow stosunkow polsko-radzieckich. Studia i materialy », T.III. Warszawa, 1968, S. 262, 287 ).
September 25, 1938 in a conversation with his US counterpart, the Polish ambassador in Paris, Lukasiewicz said:
"It starts with a religious war between fascism and Bolshevism, and in the case of the provision of assistance to the Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Poland is ready for war with the Soviet Union, shoulder to shoulder with Germany. The Polish government is confident that within three months the Russian troops will be completely destroyed, and Russia will no longer be even a semblance of the state. "
Poland constantly loudly declared that the destruction of Bolshevism in any way - its main goal. Poland created, armed, sheltered in its territory large gangs that regularly raided Soviet territory, robbed, raped, killed civilians and then happily went back to Poland, and it stayed in the safety from persecution of the NKVD units and border guards.
Poland had three times as large and much better equipped army than Germany seasoned Wehrmacht that was fought all over Europe and received a full heavy weapons did not exist.
September 30, 1938 Warsaw sent a formal request to Berlin: whether it can count on the benevolent position of Germany, if the result of the upcoming invasion of Polish troops into Czechoslovakia there armed conflict between Poland and the Soviet Union?
This means that Poland was ready to start a war with the Soviet Union at any time!
German agreement will allow to avoid a war on two fronts (with France on one side and the USSR on the other) in an attack on Poland in September 1939.
Some historians believe that this agreement has caused damage to the international prestige of the Soviet Union and led to the curtailment of the country's anti-fascist propaganda, which weakened the anti-fascist united front. According Kumanyov pact to the Soviet Union represented no more than a temporary achievement unstable neutrality, and Stalin is well aware of: the eve of the signing of the agreement, he admitted that it was not an easy choice, and even hard yet "pluses" for the Soviet Union still more. The pact gave the Soviet Union to gain time, while Hitler embarked on a large-scale military action against a number of states. Even Hitler did not conceal the fact that this agreement is temporary. For 12 days before the signing of the Hitler said: "Everything I do is directed against Russia; if the West is too stupid and blind to grasp this, I will be forced to negotiate with the Russian, beat the West and then, after his defeat, concentrated forces appeal against the Soviet Union. I need Ukraine, that we are not starved to death, as in the last war. "
Winston Churchill said about this agreement:
"It is impossible to say who he inspired more disgust - Hitler or Stalin. Both were aware that this could be only a temporary measure dictated by the circumstances. The antagonism between the two empires and systems was fatal. Stalin, no doubt, thought that Hitler would be less dangerous enemy to Russia after years of war against the Western powers. Hitler followed his method of "alone." The fact that such an agreement was possible, marks the full depth of the failure of the British and French politics and diplomacy for several years.
In favor of the Soviets must be said that the Soviet Union was vital to push as far as possible to the west starting positions of the German armies, so that Russian got the time and were able to gather strength from all parts of his enormous empire. In the minds of Russian hot iron seared accident that suffered their army in 1914, when they threw themselves into the attack on the Germans, not yet finished mobilization. And now their borders were much further east than during the first war. They had to force or fraud to occupy the Baltic States and most of Poland before they attack. If their policy was cold prudence, it was also at that time a highly realistic. "
William Shirer, an American historian, in 1939 a correspondent in Germany:
"France, together with Germany and England unanimously ruled Russia from among the participants of the meeting in Munich. A few months later the Western democracies had to pay for it. October 3, four days after the Munich meeting, Werner von Tippelskirch, Counsellor of the German Embassy in Moscow, reported to Berlin on the implications of Munich for the policy of the Soviet Union. <...>
In London and Paris, bitterly lamented the double play Stalin. For many years, the Soviet tyrant shouted about the "fascist beast", calling upon all peace-loving nations unite to stop the Nazi aggression. Now he becomes her accomplice. The Kremlin would argue that, in fact, made the Soviet Union did what Britain and France made a year ago in Munich - at the expense of a small state bought a peaceful respite necessary to re to confront Germany. If Chamberlain acted honestly and honorably, making peace Hitler and gave him Czechoslovakia in 1938, why did Stalin behaved dishonestly and ignoble peace through the year Hitler Poland, which still refused Soviet aid? "
And I want to remind that neither Britain nor the United States have condemned the peace treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union, although it tried to prevent his signing.
To be honest, a lot of what happened in the world after the war, it seems strange. It seems strange that many Nazi criminals then lived in freedom in the United States and Canada. It seems strange that Britain was preparing a plan of war with the Soviet Union at the time when the Soviet Union still at war with Germany (in the spring of 1945, the plan "Totality"). It seems strange, when they say that "cold war" began the Soviet Union. "Cold War" began March 5, 1946, when Churchill said, "Fulton speech." Yet even in this speech Churchill expressed his respect for Stalin. It seems strange that they say about the Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe. Why, then, do not talk about the US occupation? Why not talk about the British occupation? After all, Europe was divided between the two countries. Why now do not talk about the occupation of the country in which there are military bases of NATO? How the German military bases located in the United States?
Why are American politicians and historians are so fond of boasting that they helped the USSR "lend-lease"? And why do not they say that the goods to the Soviet Union the United States supplied the money? You are grateful to the seller because he sells bread to you in the store?
Why are American politicians cynically deny the role of communists in the Great Patriotic War and World War II? By the beginning of the war the Communist Party consisted of about 3800000 members and alternate members of the party. 60% of them went to war against Germany. During the war, the party took over 5300000 people. During the war killed over three million Communists.
Why does no one remember the courage of the Soviet soldier? During the Battle of Stalingrad the soldiers of the Soviet Army (31 people) was defended by four-storey house (later called "Pavlov's House") within 58 days! During the defense of the Soviet soldiers destroyed the house more German soldiers than the German army lost in the capture of Paris. Let me remind you that the French army was more than two million people and the army after 46 days of war, surrendered to Germany.
Why does no one remembers naval agreement of Britain and Germany in 1935, the year when Britain allowed Germany to have the power of the sea at a rate of 35% of the power of Great Britain, and in the submarine fleet - power, equal to the UK itself? In fact, the Germans have made it possible to build 5 battleships, two aircraft carriers, 21 destroyers and 64 Cruiser. In official comments of the British government emphasized that the implementation of the treaty will allow Germany to set limits maritime supremacy in the Baltic Sea, that is hinted at anti-Soviet treaty. Fortunately, Germany does not have time to take full advantage of this agreement.
Why is all about no one remembers, but immediately begins hysteria about Stalin, the USSR and the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact?