Unfortunately, unclear and vague nineties have not been to Russia for nothing. Including in the matter in which, seemingly, can not change anything. It seemed that history - a history, and historical events can no longer be changed, as they have already occurred. But the Americans have made efforts in the field of propaganda. They could not change the events themselves, but failed to add to her stories about the lie that it was beneficial and removed the truth that they are not profitable. And I, as a soldier grandson, shell-shocked and get a shell fragment in the ribs. As someone who is still looking for his grandmother's brothers, who went missing ... It hurts me to hear that, and I am ashamed of the Europeans, who have betrayed the memory of their ancestors. But I am ashamed of them, many of them - are not ashamed.
At the moment, we see the terrible picture. Neither Europe nor Japan will not know its history. Many young Japanese people believe that the nuclear bombs dropped on them the Soviet Union, but in fact bombed Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Americans, although necessary, at the time this was not. People in Europe believe that the Ukrainian Ukrainian Front called because it fought Ukrainians (in fact, they are so called because they were engaged in the liberation of Ukraine, and before the first Ukrainian called Voronezh Front, the second - the Steppe, the third - the South-West, and the fourth - South). Young people in Europe believes that Europe from the Nazi troops liberated the Americans, not the Soviet troops. They do not even know what the Americans have done so, as he always did. They waited until it becomes clear who is winning, and only then began to participate in the war on the winning side. Many do not even know that the US has not fallen a single bomb, and it was not planted a single German troops. And most of all I do not understand the Poles, which allow Ukraine to make a hero out of a man, whose soldiers killed hundreds of thousands of Poles only because of their nationality.
I do not want to convince anyone, especially since any person has the right to be wrong, but I want to give an opportunity to understand those who want to understand. Those who do not want to betray the memory of their ancestors, who were under German occupation. Those who are more important than the truth, and not animal fear of Russia.
All the events I will express in a very short form for a detailed exposition takes a long time. I think that those who are interested in this subject, are capable to find information in the archives (unfortunately, the people of Europe are now dangerous to trust the information that is in the newspapers and books, but the files - it archives).
In my work I have to use an automatic translator. Naturally, the program can be wrong. So I'll be very grateful for any comments on the errors in the translation.
The Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) - War between the USSR and Germany in the framework of the Second World War, which ended in the victory of the Soviet Union over the Nazis and the capture of Berlin. The Great Patriotic War was one of the final stages of World War II.
The main periods of the Great Patriotic war
The initial period of war (22 June 1941 — 18 November 1942). June 22, Germany invaded the Soviet Union and the end of the year was able to win Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus troops moved inland to capture Moscow. Russian troops suffered huge losses, residents in the occupied territories were captured by the Germans and were deported to Germany as slaves. However, despite the fact that the Soviet army was losing, she managed to stop the Germans on the approach to Leningrad (the city was captured during the siege of Leningrad), Moscow and Novgorod. The plan "Barbarossa" has not yielded the desired results, the battle for the city lasted until 1942.
The period of radical change (1942-1943) November 19, 1942, began the counter-offensive of the Soviet troops, which gave significant results – one German and four allied armies were destroyed. The Soviet army continued its offensive in all directions, they managed to defeat several armies, to prosecute the Germans and move the border back to front towards the West. Thanks to the build-up of military resources (military industry worked in a special mode), the Soviet army were significantly superior to German and was now not only to resist but also to dictate terms in the war. From defending army of the USSR turned into a forward.
The third period of the war (1943-1945). Despite the fact that Germany has managed to increase the power of his army, it is still inferior to the Soviet, and the Soviet Union continued to play a leading offensive role in hostilities. The Soviet army continued to advance towards Berlin, winning the occupied territory. Was conquered Leningrad, and by 1944, Soviet troops moved into Poland and then Germany. may 8, Berlin was taken and the German army announced the unconditional surrender.
The main battle of the great Patriotic war
The defense of the polar region (June 29, 1941 — November 1, 1944);
The battle of Moscow(30 September 1941 — 20 April 1942);
The siege of Leningrad from 8 September 1941 — 27 January 1944);
Rzhevskaya battle (8 January 1942 — 31 March 1943);
The battle of Stalingrad (July 17 1942 — February 2 1943);
The battle for the Caucasus (July 25, 1942 — October 9, 1943);
The battle of Kursk(July 5 — August 23, 1943);
The battle for the right-Bank Ukraine (24 December 1943 — 17 April 1944);
Belorussian operation (23 June — 29 August 1944);
The Baltic operation (14 September — 24 November 1944);
The Budapest operation (29 October 1944 — 13 February 1945);
The Vistula-Oder operation (January 12 — February 3, 1945);
The East Prussian operation (13 January — 25 April 1945);
Battle of Berlin (16 April — 8 may 1945).
Events preceding the great Patriotic war 1941-1945.
The outbreak of the Second world war was Germany's attack on Poland on 1 September 1939. The war began to rage in one, in another state. From the Vistula river, the war has begun to take over the Western and Northern Europe, and reached the Balkans. Hostilities took place in the Atlantic, North Africa and the Mediterranean sea. At the same time, the more active became the aggressive actions of Japan against China and Southeast Asia. After a quick occupation of France in may-June 1940, and earned in the same year, other Western European countries (except Sweden and Switzerland) the leadership of Germany in July 1940 he made a final decision about a year to start a war against the USSR. By that time, it became clear that planned for the 1940 invasion of Germany on the territory of Britain should not be attempted, because the Germans didn't have the required number of forces to carry out this military operation, called "Sea lion". Its main strength in Germany was to redirect to the Soviet Union.
31 July 1940, Hitler said that the resistance of England still not suppressed, because this country is based on the fact that the Soviet Union still exists, and a win over him would mean a victory over England. Hitler appointed term to capture the Soviet Union – it had to happen in the spring of 1941. Since the operation "Sea lion" was recreated only on paper and its main purpose was to intimidate the British. And specially injected rumors on this transaction were a good disinformation, and well covered up the true plans of Germany against the USSR. Redirecting the German war machine in the direction of the Soviet Union as a result saved England from defeat. Germany had intended to conduct lightning war, which resembled a "Blitzkrieg". The plan of attack on the USSR was called "Barbarossa". Having a good military and economic potential, Germany has managed to create quite a powerful military force.
Not going to tell about events in the USSR. Residents whose grandfathers fought, know this yourself, but the inhabitants of Europe Gerardo interesting to know who, how and when liberated their country from the Nazis. So more to say about the liberation of Europe.
The liberation of Europe from Nazi troops.
In October 1942 went to the counter British troops in North Africa under the command of General B. L. Montgomery. In the battle Aly-Alamein Italo-German forces were defeated. Began their non-stop retreat to the West. In November, on the opposite side of North Africa, in Morocco, landed American troops under the command of General Dwight Eisenhower. Pressed from two sides of the Italo-German troops were driven to the sea in Tunisia, where it surrendered on 13 may 1943.
In July 1943 the allies landed in Sicily. The appearance of enemy troops on their own territory caused the crisis of the fascist regime in Italy. Mussolini was removed from power and arrested. The new government led by Marshal Badoglio. The fascist party was dissolved, held Amnesty of political prisoners, were initiated secret negotiations with the allies. on 3 September the allies crossed the Strait of Messina and landed on the Apennine Peninsula. On the same day, Badoglio signed an armistice with the United Nations. Italian troops stopped the resistance to the allies. At this point, from the North to Italy in the rapid March of the German troops entered. North Naples formed another front in Europe. In German-occupied part of Italy was reconstituted fascist regime headed freed Mussolini. But now his power rested only on the power of the German army. The Badoglio government, for its part, declared war on Germany.
There was a turning point in the battle of the Atlantic. First of all, the allies were able to reduce losses from the actions of German submarines. All ships began to cross the Atlantic only in protected convoys. Over the entire North Atlantic system was deployed permanent aircraft observations, about 3 thousand ships were ready to start the hunt for submarines, as soon as they were discovered. A German submarine had the most time to be in a submerged position, which reduced their range and stay on alert. Started growing losses in the German submarine fleet, and the possibilities of its replenishment narrowed. For 1942 was sunk about 200 submarines. They almost stopped attacking convoys and hunted only with a few stray stragglers and courts. The convoys began to freely cross the Atlantic.
1944 was the year the complete liberation of the Soviet territory. During the winter and spring offensives of the red Army was fully lifted the siege of Leningrad surrounded and captured Korsun-Shevchenkivskyi the enemy's forces liberated the Crimea and most of Ukraine.
on 26 March the troops of the 2nd Ukrainian front under Marshal Ivan S. Konev's first came on the state border of the USSR with Romania. The third anniversary of the Nazi Germany attacked the Soviet country began a Grand Belorussian offensive operation that culminated in the liberation from German occupation of a significant part of the Soviet land. In the autumn of 1944 of the state border of the USSR was restored in its entirety. Under the blows of the red Army of the fascist bloc collapsed.
The Soviet government officially declared that the entry of the red Army on the territory of other countries due to the need of a complete defeat of the German armed forces and is not intended to change the political organization of those States or to violate the territorial integrity. Soviet troops had to fight in many countries of Europe, captured by the Germans, from Norway to Austria. Most (600 thousand Soviet soldiers and officers were killed and buried on the territory of modern Poland, more than 140 thousand in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, 26 thousand in Austria.
Fighting in the streets of Koenigsberg
The output of the broad front of the red Army in Central and South-Eastern Europe immediately raised the question of future relations between the countries of the region with the USSR. Before and during the battle for this vast and vital region of the USSR was openly support the Pro-Soviet politicians of these countries – mainly from among the Communists. At the same time the Soviet leadership sought from the U.S. and England recognition of their special interests in this part of Europe. Given the fact of the presence of Soviet troops, Churchill in 1944, agreed to the inclusion of all Balkan countries, except Greece, in the area of influence of the USSR. In 1944, Stalin had succeeded in creating a Pro-Soviet government of Poland, parallel emigre government in London. From all these countries, only in Yugoslavia, Soviet troops received strong support from a partisan army of Josip Broz Tito. In conjunction with the guerrillas on 20 October 1944 the Red army liberated Belgrade.
Together with the Soviet troops in the liberation of their countries took part Czechoslovak corps of the Bulgarian army, people's liberation army of Yugoslavia, the 1st and 2nd army of the Polish army, some Romanian parts and connections. In the summer of 1944 wide conspiracy – from Communists to monarchists – emerged with this purpose in Romania. At this time the Red army was already fighting on the Romanian territory. on 23 August in Bucharest happened a Palace coup. The next day, the new government declared war on Germany.
August 31, Soviet troops entered Bucharest. Romanian army joined the Soviet fronts. King Mihai later even received from Moscow the order of "Victory" (although before his army and fought against the USSR). It is then enough honor managed to get out of the war Finland, signed the armistice on September 19, 1944
Fighting in the streets of Vienna
By early 1945, the Soviet troops were operating twice as many soldiers than the opposing enemy, three times more tanks and self-propelled units, four times as many guns and mortars, almost eight times more combat aircraft. Our air force prevailed in the air. Side by side with the red Army fought almost half a million soldiers and officers of its allies. All this allowed the Soviet command to deploy at the same time the offensive on the whole front and to strike the enemy where it was convenient for us, and then, when it was profitable for us.
For the winter offensive of the troops involved seven fronts – three four Ukrainian and Belarusian. Troops of the 1st and 2nd Baltic fronts continued to block from the land group of the enemy in Courland. Baltic fleet helped land troops move along the coast, and the Northern fleet provided the transport through the Barents sea. To launch the offensive was planned in the second half of January.
But the Soviet command was forced to amend his plan, and here's why. In mid-December 1944, the Germans suddenly attacked American and British troops in the Ardennes, on the border of Belgium and France, and drove the Union troops 100 km to the West, towards the sea. Especially painfully experienced this defeat the British – the decor reminded them of the tragic days of June 1940, when their troops were driven to the sea in the area of Dunkirk. January 6, Churchill appealed to the Supreme Commander of the Soviet Armed Forces to Stalin with a request to speed up the transition of the red Army on the offensive, to ease the situation of the Anglo-American troops. This request was granted, and the Red Army, despite the incompleteness of the training, 12 January 1945 moved to a General offensive from the Baltic to the southern spurs of the Carpathians. It was the largest and most powerful attack in the entire war.
The main blow was inflicted on the troops of the 1st Belorussian and 1st Ukrainian fronts advancing from the Vistula, South of Warsaw, and moving to the West, to the borders of Germany. These fronts were commanded by Marshals of the Soviet Union G. K. Zhukov and Konev. As part of these fronts there were 2 million 200 thousand soldiers and officers, more than 32 thousand guns and mortars, about 6,500 tanks and self-propelled artillery, about 5 thousand combat aircraft. They quickly broke the resistance of the Germans, completely destroyed 35 enemy divisions. 25 divisions of the enemy lost 50 to 70% of the structure.
23 days long continuous attack on the West. 500 – 600 km were fighting Soviet soldiers. on 3 February they were already on the banks of the Oder. Before them lay the land of Germany, from which came to us from the scourge of war. The fighting on the outskirts of the German city on January 17, Soviet troops entered the Polish capital. A city in ruins, looked completely dead. During the Vistula-Oder operation (January 1945) from fascist invaders was completely cleaned the territory of Poland, the Vistula-Oder operation was saved from defeat by the allied troops in the Ardennes, where the Americans lost 40 thousand people.
The Soviet command had offered to arrange a clandestine negotiations with the leadership of the home Army. However, at the first meeting the head of General L. Okulicki was arrested. In June 1945 in Moscow hosted an open trial of the leaders of the home Army. As in previous public processes in Moscow, the defendants admitted his guilt and repented of "anti-Soviet activities". 12 of them were sentenced to imprisonment.
In mid-January in Eastern Prussia turned around no less powerful offensive of the 3rd and 2nd Belorussian fronts under the command of army General I. D. Chernyakhovsky and Marshal of the Soviet Union K. K. Rokossovsky. East Prussia – the nest of Prussian landowners and militarists – Nazis turned into a solid fortified with durable reinforced concrete fortifications. The enemy had organized the defense of their cities well in advance. The approaches to them he was covering fortifications (adapting old FORTS, built pillboxes, bunkers, trenches etc), and inside cities for defense were adapted most of the buildings, including factory. Many of the buildings had all-round visibility, others were spotlessly approaches to them. Which created many lasting strong points and centers of resistance, reinforced barricades, trenches, traps. If you would like to add that the walls of some buildings did not break even 76-mm projectiles divisional guns ZIS-3, it becomes clear that the Germans had the opportunity to have a long and stubborn resistance to our advancing troops.
Tactics of the enemy in urban combat boiled down to firmly hold position (fortified buildings, blocks, streets, alleys), high density fire to obstruct the movement coming to the object of attack, and in case it is lost counterattack from neighbouring houses to restore the situation, to create fire bags in the captured area of the object and the cause of the coming defeat, thwart the attack. The garrison buildings (quarter) was very numerous, as in the defense of the city were not only regular Wehrmacht troops, but also the militia (Volkssturm).
Fighting in the streets of Berlin
Soviet soldiers have suffered heavy losses. on 18 February on the battlefield fell struck by enemy shell shrapnel hero of the great Patriotic war, an outstanding commander, the commander of the 3rd Belorussian front, army General I. D. Chernyakhovsky. Step by step, clutching the ring around surrounded by German group, our parts over the three month battle cleared of the enemy the whole of East Prussia. The storming of königsberg began on 7 April. This storm was accompanied by unprecedented artillery and air support which the chief of air force air Marshal Novikov received Hero of the Soviet Union. The use of 5000 guns, including heavy artillery caliber 203 and 305 (!) mm, and mortars of a calibre of 160 mm, 2500 aircraft "...destroyed the fortifications and demoralized soldiers and officers. Going outside to communicate with headquarters parts, we didn't know where to go, completely losing orientation, so ruined and burning city change" (eye-witness from the German side). April 9, capitulated the main fortress of the Nazis – the city of königsberg (now Kaliningrad). Almost 100 thousand German soldiers and officers surrendered, tens of thousands were killed.
In the meantime, in the South of the Soviet-German front, in the area liberated by Soviet troops on February 13, 1945 Budapest, the Nazis unsuccessfully tried to seize the initiative and have caused the retaliation. on 6 March they even went for the big offensive between lake Velence and Balaton, South-West of Budapest. Hitler ordered to bring Western front, Ardennes, large tank force. But the Soviet soldiers of the 3rd and 2nd Ukrainian fronts, having beaten off fierce attacks of the enemy, March 16, resumed the offensive, liberated from fascist Hungary, entered the territory of Austria and April 13, captured the capital – Vienna.
In February and March of Soviet troops also successfully thwarted the attempt of the enemy to counterattack in Eastern Pomerania and drove the Nazis out of this old Polish area. From mid-April 1945, troops of the 4th and 2nd Ukrainian fronts launched the final battles for the liberation of Czechoslovakia. April 30 was released a major industrial center of Czechoslovakia – moravská Ostrava. The capital of Slovakia, Bratislava was released on 4 April, but to the capital of Czechoslovakia, Prague was still far away. Meanwhile, on 5 may in Nazi-occupied Prague began an armed rebellion of the inhabitants of the city.
The Nazis were preparing to drown the rebellion in blood. The rebels turned on the radio to allied troops calling for help. The Soviet command had responded to this appeal. Two tank army of the 1st Ukrainian front was done within three days of unparalleled Alte March from the outskirts of Berlin to Prague. on 9 may, they entered the capital of the brotherly people and helped save it from destruction. In the attack that unfolded from Dresden to the Danube, joined all the troops of the 1st, 4th and 2nd Ukrainian fronts. The Nazis have been driven out of Czechoslovakia.
April 16, began the Berlin operation, which ended two weeks by flying the red flag over the defeated Reichstag. After the capture of Berlin, the troops of the 1st Ukrainian front made a rapid March to the aid of the rebels Prague and on the morning of may 9, took to the streets of the Czechoslovak capital. In the night of 8 to 9 may 1945, in the Berlin suburb of Karlshorst representatives of the German command signed the act of unconditional surrender of all German armed forces. The war in Europe ended.
Fundamental change during the great Patriotic war as a result of military operations of the red Army caused a strong rise of the anti-fascist and national liberation movement in the occupied countries, which developed from the early days of world war II and received the name of Resistance. It was the inevitable reaction of the population of the occupied countries in the order established by Germany, Italy and Japan. The position of the captured countries was different – independence just some were destroyed, others were established regimes, overlapping political system of Germany (Slovakia, Croatia). But the meaning "new order" was everywhere the same: the elimination of the independence and sovereignty of all democratic and social gains, unbridled economic exploitation and the tyranny of the invaders. I need to add and the German occupation authorities for the implementation of the racial policy of the destruction of "inferior" peoples.
Throughout Europe were scattered concentration camps, the largest of which was Auschwitz, Majdanek, Treblinka, Dachau, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, ravensbrück, Mauthausen.
The role of the USA and GB in the Second world war.
In the summer of 1924 at the London conference adopted a draft which reduced by half the payment of German reparations and the question of the sources of their coverage. However, the main task for US was to ensure favorable conditions for U.S. investment, which was only possible in the stabilization of the German mark. For this purpose, according to the developed in the bowels of the company "J. P.Morgan" plan, Germany was to provide a loan in the amount of $200 million, half of which comes just at the banking house of Morgan. By August 1924 old German mark was replaced by the new one, and, according to the Italian economist and historian Guido Giacomo of the Drug in his book "Hitler Inc. As Britain and the US created the Third Reich, the Weimar Republic was prepared for "the most picturesque of economic assistance for all history, followed by the most bitter harvest in world history in the financial core of Germany is unstoppable stream flooded American blood". The consequences were not long in coming.
As he wrote in his memoir, the former Chancellor of Germany, Bruning, since 1923, Hitler received large sums from abroad, through the Swiss and Swedish banks. In 1922 in Munich meeting with Hitler and military attaché of the U.S. in Germany, captain Truman Smith, amounting to about her Washington superiors (military intelligence) a detailed report in which he praised Hitler. It is through Smith in the circle of acquaintances Hitler was introduced Hanfstingl nicknamed "Puzzi" is a graduate of Harvard University, who played an important role in the formation of Hitler as a politician who has done him significant financial support and ensured him the acquaintance and communication with senior Western figures.
4 January 1932 there was a meeting of the Manager of the Bank of England Montagu Norman with Hitler and the future Chancellor of the Weimar Republic von Papin, where it was concluded a secret agreement on the financing of the Nazi party. The meeting was also attended by brothers John and Allen Dalles, what really do not like to mention their biographers. And on 14 January 1933 meeting with Hitler and von Papin, a banker von Schroeder and industrialist Kepler, on which the program was fully approved. It was here that they finally resolved the issue of the transfer of power to the Nazis, and on 30 January Hitler became Reich Chancellor. Here begins the implementation of the next phase of the Anglo-American strategy.
In may 1933, the President of the Imperial Bank, Hjalmar Schacht visited America again, where his meeting with President F. Roosevelt and the largest American financiers. Soon Berlin receives investment in German industry and loans from the U.S. totaling over a billion dollars. A month later, in June, at an international conference in London, Hjalmar Schacht also conducts a series of meetings and talks with the head of the British Bank N. Montagu. How then, during the Nuremberg trials, said J. Mines, the UK has provided loans to Germany in excess of a billion pounds, in dollar terms amounted to two billion dollars.
On the eve of the Second world war, corporations and banks invested 800 million. in the industry and the country's financial system. The amount is enormous. Of these, the leading four from America invested in militarized the German economy about $ 200 million.: "Standard oil" — 120 million, "General motors — 35 million investment "ITT" is 30 million, and Ford $ 17.5 million.
Is shocking the fact that even after the U.S. entry into the Second world war on 11 December 1941, American corporations continued to fulfill orders firms of enemy countries, supported the activities of its branches in Germany, Italy and even Japan. To do this, just had to apply for a special permit to conduct business activity with companies under the control of the Nazis or their allies. The decree of the President of the United States dated 13 December 1941 allowed such deals, doing business with enemy companies, unless you have specific ban of the Ministry of Finance of America. Very often American corporations without problems received permission to work with enemy firms and supplied them with the necessary steel, engines, aviation fuel, rubber, components of radio... So the power of the military industry in Germany and her allies were supported by the economic activity of the USA, whose company received profit for my trades with the enemy.
Financial assistance to the führer, the U.S. continued to provide and during the war. For example, in the summer of 1942 in America, a huge scandal erupted. Newspaper NewYorkHerald was released with the title "angels of Hitler – three million dollars in a U.S. Bank" ("angels of Hitler" meant the immediate environment of the führer. – Approx. ed.). Journalists wrote that Hitler, Goebbels and Goering "put the eggs in the American nest, and the new York investment Bank UnionBankingCorporation(UBC) was "the main organization for the laundering of Nazi money." As a result of the investigation conducted by the FBI, it was found out that these investments have allowed the German steel trust to produce 50% of the pig iron produced in the Reich, 35% of explosives, 38% galvanized steel and 36% of the steel sheet. By the way, the Board of Directors of UBC was Prescott Bush, grandfather of former U.S. President George W. Bush.
During the Nuremberg trials, former President of the Imperial Bank, Hjalmar Schacht in a conversation with American lawyer said: "If you want to bring charges against the Industrialists who helped to rearm Germany, you have to indict themselves. You will be obliged to indict Americans. The car "Opel", for example, didn't make anything, in addition to military products. Owned this same factory is your "General motors". Almost to the end of the war, having special permission to trade with Germany, Italy, Japan, conducted the business of the American telecommunications company ITT. Not stopped production in France after its occupation by German auto giant Ford, with special protection activity "Ford" in Europe had personally Hermann Goering, who headed industrial concern "Reichswerke Hermann Goering". Nothing to talk about, even if far from the military Affairs of the company "Coca-Cola" was established in Germany, the production of the drink "Fanta"!
Powerful Standard oil" had regularly supplied the Nazi army various fuel and in industry supplying synthetic rubber and various kinds of raw materials. Delivery went further to Italy and Austria. In the United States during the war there were serious problems with the supply of synthetic rubber for the American industry. Not the war intervened "Standard oil", using the British intermediaries, to enter into a contract with J. G. Farbenindustrie", which allowed to produce aviation gasoline in Germany. So the air force, which bombed peaceful cities of the Soviet Union, great Britain, killing British and American soldiers, receiving gas created by the American Corporation. During the Second world war no one tanker Standard oil" was sunk by German submarines.
Almost to the end of the war, having special permission to trade with Germany, Italy, Japan, conducted the business of the American "ITT". Not stopped production in France after the German occupation automotive group Ford. Special protection of the group's activities in Europe had personally Hermann Goering, who headed industrial concern "Reichswerke Hermann Goering". Even non-military supplies Coca Cola has established production in Germany drink "Fanta". And that's not all the examples of cooperation of big business in the USA and Nazi Germany during the war. Subsequently Alamir Mines in conversation with American Dr. Gilbert during the Nuremberg trials says:"If you want to bring charges against the Industrialists who helped to rearm Germany, you have to indict themselves. The car "Opel", for example, didn't make anything, in addition to military products. Owned this same factory is your "General motors"... As you know, the Nuremberg Tribunal convicted Ya mine is innocent.
Company Random House, part of Bertelsmann AG, engaged in the publication of Nazi propaganda, including was released book titled "Sterilization and euthanasia: a Contribution to Christian ethics". Bertelsmann AG still owns and manages several companies. Random House in 1997, decided to expand the concept of "Nazi, Nazi" in the Webster's dictionary. In colloquial speech they have softened this definition. (Source: New York Observer, ADL)
During the Second world collaborated with Hitler the following companies: General Electric (GE), General Motors, Standard Oil, ITT, Hugo Boss, Kodak, IBM, Coca-Cola, Random House, Chase Bank.
Yalta (Crimean) conference of the allied powers (4-11 February 1945)
The second meeting of the leaders of the anti-Hitler coalition — the USSR, USA and Britain during the Second world war dedicated to the post-war world order. The conference was held in Livadia (White) Palace in Yalta, in the Crimea and was the last conference of allied leaders of the "big three" in leadernew era.
Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by American aircraft
(6 and 9 August 1945, respectively) — the only one in the history of mankind two examples of military use of nuclear weapons. Implemented by the U.S. Armed forces during the final stage of the Second world war (formally declared goal is to expedite the surrender of Japan in the Pacific theater of operations of world war II.
On the morning of 6 August 1945 an American bomber B-29 "Enola Gay", named after the mother (Enola Gay haggard) the crew commander, Colonel Paul Tibbets, dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima atomic bomb "Little Boy" the equivalent of between 13 and 18 kilotons of TNT. Three days later, on August 9, 1945, an atomic bomb "Fat Man" was dropped on Nagasaki pilot Charles Sweeney, commander of the bomber B-29 "Bockscar". The total number of deaths ranged from 90 to 166 thousand people in Hiroshima and from 60 to 80 thousand people in Nagasaki.
The shock of the atomic bombings the US had a profound impact on the Prime Minister of Japan Kantaro Suzuki and the Minister of foreign Affairs of Japan In Shigenori who bowed to the fact that the Japanese government should stop the war.
August 15, 1945, Japan announced its surrender. The act of surrender, formally graduated from the Second world war, was signed on 2 September 1945.
Losses of the USSR in the Great Patriotic War
Human losses of the USSR — 6.3 million soldiers killed and died of wounds, 555 thousand who died of disease killed in the incident, sentenced to death (the reports of the troops, hospitals, military tribunals) and 4.5 million captured and missing. Total demographic losses (including lost civilians in the occupied territory and increased mortality in the rest of the USSR from the hardships of war) — 26,6 million people;
Total losses of the red Army during the great Patriotic war, according to the specified data of the Ministry of defense of Russia, amounted to 8 million 668 thousand 400 people.